Childcare cuts spark rise of the stay-at-home mum
Article courtesy of www.guardian.co.uk
Women are being priced out of the job market because of deep government cuts in state funding for childcare, according to research published on Sunday.
The study by the Institute of Public Policy Research (IPPR) thinktank challenges the claims made by ministers that their flagship welfare reforms will “make work pay” and encourage people off benefits and into work. Instead, the IPPR analysis highlights figures suggesting that the increased cost of childcare is persuading many mothers to stay at home to look after their children themselves. The research focuses on low- to middle-income families in the “squeezed middle”, who are already suffering from declining real wages as pay is either frozen or increased at a lower rate than inflation.
Based on official employment data, the IPPR found that while unemployment had fallen by 20,000 over the past year to 2.45 million, the number of unemployed women had risen by 42,000.
The study says that the spike in the number of jobless women can be explained partly by the fact that public-sector job losses have disproportionately affected women. Over the past year, private-sector employment has increased by 520,000 but in the public sector it is down by 143,000. The official classification of “public administration, health and education” is the only sector where more women than men are employed.
Dalia Ben-Galim, IPPR’s associate director, said: “During the recession, unemployment among men increased much more than among women. But our analysis of the latest figures shows that this experience is now being reversed, in large part because of the government’s public spending cuts.”
Another key factor driving the rise in female joblessness, IPPR said, was the 10% cut to the amount of childcare costs that low- to middle-income families can claim through the tax credit system. Until April, working tax credit covered 80% of the costs of childcare up to £175 a week for one child and £300 a week for two or more. But in April, this was reduced to 70% as ministers tried to slash the welfare bill…..Read More